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Transformation Wave Physics: Electromagnetics, Elastodynamics, and Thermodynamics
By Mohamed Farhat, Pai-Yen Chen, Sebastien Guenneau, Stefan Enoch

Publisher: Pan Stanford Publishng
Date of Publication: 2016

Space-time transformations as a design tool for a new class of composite materials (metamaterials) have proved successful recently. The concept is based on the fact that metamaterials can mimic a transformed but empty space. Light rays follow trajectories according to Fermat's principle in this transformed electromagnetic, acoustic, or elastic space instead of laboratory space. This allows one to manipulate wave behaviors with various exotic characteristics such as (but not limited to) invisibility cloaks. This book is a collection of works by leading international experts in the fields of electromagnetics, plasmonics, elastodynamics, and diffusion waves. The experimental and theoretical contributions will revolutionize ways to control the propagation of sound, light, and other waves in macroscopic and microscopic scales. The potential applications range from underwater camouflaging and electromagnetic invisibility to enhanced biosensors and protection from harmful physical waves (e.g., tsunamis and earthquakes). This is the first book that deals with transformation physics for all kinds of waves in one volume, covering the newest results from emerging topical subjects such as transformational plasmonics and thermodynamics.
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The Astrophotography Manual: A Practical and Scientific Approach to Deep Sky Imaging
By Chris Woodhouse

Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Date of Publication: 2017

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Systems Engineering for Astronomical Telescopes
By Paul A. Lightsey, Jonathan W. Arenberg

Publisher: SPIE
Date of Publication: 2018

This Tutorial Text provides an introduction to systems engineering principles, tools, and practices as applied to astronomical systems. Written for engineers, scientists, and managers, it is intended to aid in the transition from a discipline specialist to a systems engineer. Topics include interface control, the lifecycle model, the role of trade studies, and the flow and allocation of requirements. Particular attention is paid to deriving the law of error propagation because it is the basis for formal performance budgeting and estimating the probability of success. Several examples supplement this derivation. The book concludes with a case study for a space science mission.
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Searching for Life Across Space and Time: Proceedings of a Workshop
By

Publisher: National Academies Press
Date of Publication: 2017

"The search for life is one of the most active fields in space science and involves a wide variety of scientific disciplines, including planetary science, astronomy and astrophysics, chemistry, biology, chemistry, and geoscience. In December 2016, the Space Studies Board hosted a workshop to explore the possibility of habitable environments in the solar system and in exoplanets, techniques for detecting life, and the instrumentation used. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop"--Publisher's description.
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Scientific Computing: Studies and Applications
By Caj Erling

Publisher: Nova Science Publishers
Date of Publication: 2017

Stergios Papadimitriou and Lefteris Moussiades begin Chapter One by comparing and contrasting some aspects of ScalaLab and GroovyLab, the MATLAB-like environments for the Java Virtual Machine. Additionally, this chapter highlights the strengths and weaknesses of the two environments while examining the dilemma of whether to use dynamic typing or static typing for scientific programming. Next, Chapter Two by Marija Mitrović Dankulov and Jelena Smiljanić express how computational techniques might be used to determine the structure and dynamics of Meetup social groups. Lastly, Vladimir Lončar, Ivana Vasić, and Antun Bala review a numerical algorithm based on the Crank-Nicolson split-step semi implicit method in order to solve the nonlinear partial differential Schr�dinger equation.
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Quaternion and Octonion color image processing with MATLAB
By Artyom M. Grigoryan and Sos S. Agaian

Publisher: SPIE Press
Date of Publication: 2018

"Color image processing has involved much interest in the recent years. The use of color in image processing is motivated by the facts that 1) the human eyes can discern thousands of colors, and image processing is used both for human interaction and computer interpretation; 2) the color image comprises more information than the gray-level image; 3) the color features are robust to several image processing procedures (for example, to the translation and rotation of the regions of interest); 4) the color features are efficiently used in many vision tasks, including object recognition and tracking, image segmentation and retrieval, image registration etc.; 5) the color is necessary in many real life applications such as visual communications, multimedia systems, fashion and food industries, computer vision, entertainment, consumer electronics, production printing and proofing, digital photography, biometrics, digital artwork reproduction, industrial inspection, and biomedical applications. Finally, the enormous number of color images that constantly are uploaded into Internet require new approaches and challenges of big visual media creation, retrieval, processing, and applications. It also gives us new opportunities to create a number of big visual data-driven applications. Three independent quantities are used to describe any particular color; the human eyes are seen all colors as variable combinations of primary colors of red, green, and blue. Many methods of the modern color image processing are based on dealing out each primary color"-- Provided by publisher.
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Proceedings of the Conference on Cosmology, Gravitational Waves and Particles :Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 6-10 February 2017
By Fritzsch Harald

Publisher: World Scientific
Date of Publication: 2017

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Placing Outer Space: An Earthly Ethnography of Other Worlds
By Lisa Messeri

Publisher: Duke University Press
Date of Publication: 2016-08-19

In Placing Outer Space Lisa Messeri traces how the place-making practices of planetary scientists transform the void of space into a cosmos filled with worlds that can be known and explored. Making planets into places is central to the daily practices and professional identities of the astronomers, geologists, and computer scientists Messeri studies. She takes readers to the Mars Desert Research Station and a NASA research center to discuss ways scientists experience and map Mars. At a Chilean observatory and in MIT's labs she describes how they discover exoplanets and envision what it would be like to inhabit them. Today’s planetary science reveals the universe as densely inhabited by evocative worlds, which in turn tells us more about Earth, ourselves, and our place in the universe.
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Perturbation Theory and the Nuclear Many Body Problem
By Kailash Kumar

Publisher: Dover Publications
Date of Publication: 2017

Introductory treatment provides overview of basics and diagrammatic methods. Topics include rearrangement methods and techniques of solving the t-matrix and other equations that arise in the nuclear many body problem. 1962 edition.
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Our Cosmic Habitat
By Martin Rees

Publisher: Princeton University Press
Date of Publication: 2017-11-21

Our universe seems strangely ''biophilic,'' or hospitable to life. Is this happenstance, providence, or coincidence? According to cosmologist Martin Rees, the answer depends on the answer to another question, the one posed by Einstein's famous remark: ''What interests me most is whether God could have made the world differently.'' This highly engaging book explores the fascinating consequences of the answer being ''yes.'' Rees explores the notion that our universe is just a part of a vast ''multiverse,'' or ensemble of universes, in which most of the other universes are lifeless. What we call the laws of nature would then be no more than local bylaws, imposed in the aftermath of our own Big Bang. In this scenario, our cosmic habitat would be a special, possibly unique universe where the prevailing laws of physics allowed life to emerge. Rees begins by exploring the nature of our solar system and examining a range of related issues such as whether our universe is or isn't infinite. He asks, for example: How likely is life? How credible is the Big Bang theory? Rees then peers into the long-range cosmic future before tracing the causal chain backward to the beginning. He concludes by trying to untangle the paradoxical notion that our entire universe, stretching 10 billion light-years in all directions, emerged from an infinitesimal speck. As Rees argues, we may already have intimations of other universes. But the fate of the multiverse concept depends on the still-unknown bedrock nature of space and time on scales a trillion trillion times smaller than atoms, in the realm governed by the quantum physics of gravity. Expanding our comprehension of the cosmos, Our Cosmic Habitat will be read and enjoyed by all those--scientists and nonscientists alike--who are as fascinated by the universe we inhabit as is the author himself.
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Optical physics for nanolithography
By Anthony Yen, Shinn-Sheng Yu

Publisher: SPIE
Date of Publication: 2018

his book provides an in-depth, self-contained introduction of partially coherent imaging theory for researchers and engineers working on optical lithography for semiconductor manufacturing, including those in the EDA industry. It is mathematically complete: the opening chapters discuss the essential principles, and all derivations are presented with their intermediate steps. For increased accessibility, simplified and consistent notations are used throughout the text. Full-color pages illustrate the connections between figures and equations.
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Nonlinear Systems: Design, Applications and Analysis
By Christos Volos

Publisher: Nova Science Publishers
Date of Publication: 2017

A nonlinear system is a set of nonlinear equations, which may be algebraic, ordinary differential, partial differential, fractional, integral or a combination of these. Especially, nowadays, the term "dynamical system" is used as a synonym of nonlinear systems where the nonlinear equations represent the evolution of a solution over time. So, the notion of dynamical systems arose following the name of equations governing the motion of a system of particles, even though the nonlinear system may have no application to mechanics. Also, from an engineering point of view a nonlinear system may be represented with a feedback loop in which the output of an element is not proportional to its input. Over the last few decades, nonlinear systems have been used to describe a great variety of phenomena, in social and life sciences as well as in physical sciences and engineering. The theory of nonlinear systems has applications to problems of population growth, economics, chemical reactions, celestial mechanics, physiology of nerves, onset of turbulence, regulation of heartbeats, electronic circuits, cryptography, secure communications and many others. Nonlinear dynamical systems, which present chaotic behavior, are of great importance due to their applications in science and engineering. Chaotic systems are nonlinear dynamical systems and maps that are highly sensitive to initial conditions. The sensitivity of initial conditions is usually called the butter?y effect for dynamical systems and maps. So, nowadays the design and analysis of nonlinear systems and especially chaotic systems has gained the interest of the research community due to the fact that many phenomena on financial, physical, biological, chemical, mechanical and engineering systems can be modeled and studied through the perspective of nonlinear dynamics. These nonlinear systems can be modeled by discrete-time or continuous-time mathematical models.This book aims to bridge the gap between the design/analysis and applications, which are the two research stages on the progress of nonlinear systems and also which open up some new directions of real applications, where chaos can be put up to technological use, including secure communication systems, electronic circuits' design, memristors and radar. Finally, this book can serve as an updated and handy reference for university professors, graduate students, laboratory researchers as well as physicists and applied mathematicians who are interested in studying the chaos and its applications through the field of nonlinear systems.
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Managing Copyright in Higher Education: A Guidebook
By Donna L. Ferullo

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Date of Publication: 2014-10-30

As more and more colleges and universities establish copyright offices and/or assign the responsibilities of copyright education and advisory services to specific individuals within the institution, many times librarians, there is a paucity of resources available on how to manage that responsibility. Most works on copyright discuss the law and court cases interpreting the law but few address the situational application of it and the management and coordination of copyright efforts on a campus. Here is a complete, one-stop, guide to managing copyright at all levels—community college, college, and university. Complete chapters are devoted to: The university culture The role of a copyright office How to establish a copyright office Copyright services for librarians Copyright services for faculty Copyright services for administrators and staff Copyright services for students Written by the director of the University Copyright Office at Purdue University who holds both law and library science degrees, this is complete, authoritative guide is a must-purchase for every institution of higher education seeking to comply with the copyright law and thus avoid potential liability exposure.
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Exoplanetary Atmospheres: Theoretical Concepts and Foundations
By Kevin Heng

Publisher: Princeton University Press
Date of Publication: 2017-01-10

The study of exoplanetary atmospheres—that is, of planets orbiting stars beyond our solar system—may be our best hope for discovering life elsewhere in the universe. This dynamic, interdisciplinary field requires practitioners to apply knowledge from atmospheric and climate science, astronomy and astrophysics, chemistry, geology and geophysics, planetary science, and even biology. Exoplanetary Atmospheres provides an essential introduction to the theoretical foundations of this cutting-edge new science. Exoplanetary Atmospheres covers the physics of radiation, fluid dynamics, atmospheric chemistry, and atmospheric escape. It draws on simple analytical models to aid learning, and features a wealth of problem sets, some of which are open-ended. This authoritative and accessible graduate textbook uses a coherent and self-consistent set of notation and definitions throughout, and also includes appendixes containing useful formulae in thermodynamics and vector calculus as well as selected Python scripts. Exoplanetary Atmospheres prepares PhD students for research careers in the field, and is ideal for self-study as well as for use in a course setting. The first graduate textbook on the theory of exoplanetary atmospheres Unifies knowledge from atmospheric and climate science, astronomy and astrophysics, chemistry, planetary science, and more Covers radiative transfer, fluid dynamics, atmospheric chemistry, and atmospheric escape Provides simple analytical models and a wealth of problem sets Includes appendixes on thermodynamics, vector calculus, tabulated Gibbs free energies, and Python scripts Solutions manual (available only to professors)
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Emergent Phenomena in Atomic Nuclei from Large-scale Modeling: A Symmetry-guided Perspective
By Kristina D. Launey

Publisher: World Scientific
Date of Publication: 2017

"This book is a unique collection of reviews that share a common topic, emergent phenomena in atomic nuclei, while revealing the multifaceted nature of the subject, from quarks to heavy nuclei. It tells an amazing story of a decades-long journey of trials and successes, up to present days, with the aim to understand the vast array of experimental data and the fundamentals of strongly interacting fermions. The emphasis is on discovering emergent orderly patterns amidst the overarching complexity of many-particle quantum-mechanical systems. Recent findings are discussed within an interesting framework: a combination of nuclear theory and experiment, of group theory and computational science, and of pivotal models of astonishing simplicity and state-of-the-art models empowered by supercomputers. A special theme resonates throughout the book: the important role of symmetries, exact and approximate, in exposing emergent features and guiding large-scale nuclear modeling. World-renowned experts offer their unique perspective on symmetries in the world of quarks and gluons, and that of protons and neurons -- from chiral symmetry, through spin-isospin and quasi-spin symmetries, to symplectic symmetry, -- as well as on the emergent nature of nuclear collectivity, clustering, and pairing, viewed from spectroscopy, microscopic considerations, and first principles. The book provides an excellent foundation that allows researchers and graduate students in physics and applied mathematics to review the current status of the subject, and to further explore the research literature through exhaustive sets of references that also point to studies underpinned by similar techniques in condensed matter and atomic physics along with quantum information."--Publisher's website.
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Dawn-Dusk Asymmetries in Planetary Plasma Environments
By Stein Haaland, Andrei Runov, Colin Forsyth

Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Date of Publication: 2017

"Dawn-dusk asymmetries are ubiquitous features of the plasma environment of many of the planets in our solar system. They occur when a particular process or feature is more pronounced at one side of a planet than the other. For example, recent observations indicate that Earth's magnetopause is thicker at dawn than at dusk. Likewise, auroral breakups at Earth are more likely to occur in the pre-midnight than post-midnight sectors. Increasing availability of remotely sensed and in situ measurements of planetary ionospheres, magnetospheres and their interfaces to the solar wind have revealed significant and persistent dawn-dusk asymmetries. As yet there is no consensus regarding the source of many of these asymmetries, nor the physical mechanisms by which they are produced and maintained. Volume highlights include: A comprehensive and updated overview of current knowledge about dawn-dusk asymmetries in the plasma environments of planets in our solar system and the mechanisms behind them; Valuable contributions from internationally recognized experts, covering both observations, simulations and theories discussing all important aspects of dawn-dusk asymmetries; Space weather effects are caused by processes in space, mainly the magnetotail, and can be highly localized on ground. Knowing where the source, i.e., where dawn-dusk location is will allow for a better prediction of where the effects on ground will be most pronounced" -- Provided by publisher.
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Asteroseismic Data Analysis: Foundations and Techniques
By Sarbani Basu, William J. Chaplin

Publisher: Princeton University Press
Date of Publication: 2017

Studies of stars and stellar populations, and the discovery and characterization of exoplanets, are being revolutionized by new satellite and telescope observations of unprecedented quality and scope. Some of the most significant advances have been in the field of asteroseismology, the study of stars by observation of their oscillations. Asteroseismic Data Analysis gives a comprehensive technical introduction to this discipline. This book not only helps students and researchers learn about asteroseismology; it also serves as an essential instruction manual for those entering the field. The book presents readers with the foundational techniques used in the analysis and interpretation of asteroseismic data on cool stars that show solar-like oscillations. The techniques have been refined, and in some cases developed, to analyze asteroseismic data collected by the NASA Kepler mission. Topics range from the analysis of time-series observations to extract seismic data for stars to the use of those data to determine global and internal properties of the stars. Reading lists and problem sets are provided, and data necessary for the problem sets are available online. The first book to describe in detail the different techniques used to analyze the data on stellar oscillations, Asteroseismic Data Analysis offers an invaluable window into the hearts of stars. Introduces the asteroseismic study of stars and the theory of stellar oscillations Describes the analysis of observational (time-domain) data Examines how seismic parameters are extracted from observations Explores how stellar properties are determined from seismic data Looks at the "inverse problem," where frequencies are used to infer internal structures of stars
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Antimonide-based Infrared Detectors: A New Perspective
By Antoni Rogalski, Ma?gorzata Kopytko, and Piotr Martyniuk

Publisher: SPIE Press
Date of Publication: 2018

"Among the many materials investigated in the infrared (IR) field, narrow-gap semiconductors are the most important in IR photon detector family. Although the first widely used narrow-gap materials were lead salts (during the 1950s, IR detectors were built using single-element-cooled PbS and PbSe photoconductive detectors, primary for anti-missile seekers), this semiconductor family was not well distinguished. This situation seems to have resulted from two reasons: the preparation process of lead salt photoconductive polycrystalline detectors was not well understood and could only be reproduced with well-tried recipes; and the theory of narrow-gap semiconductor bandgap structure was not well known for correct interpretation of the measured transport and photoelectrical properties of these materials"-- Provided by publisher.
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A Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief Models of Planet Formation
By Michael Mark Woolfson

Publisher: World Scientific
Date of Publication: 2017

"Two models for the origin of the Solar System, the Nebula Theory and the Capture Theory, are discussed by protagonists, Simon and Steven respectively, in the presence of Solomon, who oversees the discussions. Modelled on Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, this book provides new insight into different theories of cosmogony. The Nebula Theory, at present the standard model of planet formation, proposes that a star and planets are derived from a single spinning nebula. Woolfson here introduces an alternative, the Capture Theory, in which planets are produced from a protostar tidally disrupted by a condensed star which 'captures' most of the formed planets into orbits. These complex ideas are simplified and presented in an easily understandable, accessible way for all students of physics, astrology, cosmology and those interested in the beginning of our world as we know it"--
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